News and information useful to Cleveland-Marshall College of Law students, faculty and staff.


First Monday at the U.S. Supreme Court

It’s the first Monday in October, which means the U.S. Supreme Court is back in session. The Court has started its session on the first Monday in October every year since 1917 when a new law went into effect changing the start to one week earlier. Starting this fall, the Supreme Court will allow attorneys to make an uninterrupted statement for two minutes to begin each case. As is true almost every year, a number of important cases will be heard that are sure to be studied in Constitutional Law classes for years to come. Here is a preview of a few of those cases (all links for cases come from SCOTUSBlog):

  • In Ohio and a number of other states it is perfectly legal for an employer to fire someone for being gay. This issue will be considered by the court in Bostock v. Clayton County, Georgia (Consolidated with Altitude Express Inc. v. Zarda). While an earlier Supreme Court decision legalizing gay marriage is seen as a watershed moment in the path to LBGTQA+ equality, many feel true equality for all citizens cannot be said to exist until one is protected from workplace and housing discrimination.
  • Department of Homeland Security v. University of California – Case centers around whether President Trump was justified in revoking the Obama-era rule (DACA or Deferred Action on Childhood Arrivals colloquially known as “Dreamers”) that shielded from deportation more than 700,000 young immigrants who entered the country illegally as children.
  • New York State Rifle & Pistol Assn. v. City of New York – Can a city restrict gun owners from carrying a handgun in their car? At issue is an unusual New York City ordinance that allowed residents to keep a legal handgun at home but prohibited them from transporting it, even to a second home outside the city.
  • Espinoza v. Montana – Must a state offer grants and scholarships to students in church-related schools if it offers such money to students in other private schools? Two years ago, the court broke new ground by ruling the 1st Amendment’s protection for the “free exercise of religion” forbids discrimination against churches when the government gives grants to private groups. Most states, however, have constitutions that forbid giving tax money to churches. The Montana Supreme Court, citing its constitution, blocked a state scholarship fund from giving money to students attending church-related schools.
  • City of Boise v. Martin – Can cities restrict homeless people from camping or sleeping on sidewalks or in public places? The 9th Circuit Court ruled no if no other indoor sleeping places are available. Now the Supreme Court will decide.

Also Supreme-Court related is our database U.S. Supreme Court Records and Briefs, which contains briefs and related documents from Supreme Court cases between 1832 and 1978. Access to this database is IP-authenticated for users connected to the law school’s computer network; faculty and students can also access the database while off campus by logging in with their CSU ID number and library PIN.

Searching Ohio Bills and the Ohio General Assembly Archives

While searching for Ohio Bills on the legislature’s website recently, I noticed that only the current and previous two legislative sessions (133, 132, 131) can be searched. This seemed strange, because previously the site could be searched back to the late 1990s. I discovered that archival searches from 1997-2014 are still available, but must be searched through the Ohio General Assembly Archives.

Both websites have the same search features and can be searched by keyword, bill number, and sponsor. The only difference seems to be that all legislation dealing with particular subjects can be pulled up in the current bills search. The work-around in the archive search is to experiment with different keywords searches.

Special Focus Collections on LLMC Digital

LLMC Digital is a is a non-profit cooperative of libraries dedicated to the twin goals of preserving legal titles and government documents while making copies inexpensively available digitally through its online service.

The LLMC Digital Special Focus Collections has tons of interesting and unique information grouped into twenty databases. Doing research on Ancient Roman Law? There are almost forty treatises available on that topic. Other notable databases in the collection include the Yale Blackstone Collection, Islamic Law, Canon Law, and the Native American Collection.

The above links to LLMC Digital can also be found in our list of law databases.

 

 

Meet a Treatise: Wigmore on Evidence

This post is the first in an occasional series in which we will provide the basics on the most important treatises in U.S. and Ohio law, covering the background, what is it, and where to find it, both in the library and online (if applicable).

Wigmore on Evidence

Background: John Wigmore was an American lawyer and Dean at Northwestern School of Law. Wigmore is best known for his master work now called Wigmore on Evidence (FKA Treatise on the Anglo-American System of Evidence in Trials at Common Law). He also contributed to the development of Japanese law in the late 19th century and U.S. military justice in World War I.

What is it: Wigmore on Evidence is an encyclopedic survey of the development of the law of evidence. It is updated annually and is considered the preeminent treatise dealing with all things related to evidence.

Where to find it: Wigmore on Evidence is available in print in the reference section of the library. Electronically, Wigmore can be found on the Cheetah platform (a Wolters-Kluwer product) and is available to all students and staff (see our previous post on all Cheetah treatise offerings).

For more information on available treatises, check out our Major Legal Treatises research guide.

“Morris Cohen” Legal History Essay Competition

Photograph of Morris Cohen.The Legal History and Rare Books Special Interest Section (LHRB) of the American Association of Law Libraries (AALL), in cooperation with Gale, A Cengage Company, is conducting its Annual Morris L. Cohen Student Essay Competition.  Full- and part-time students currently enrolled in accredited graduate programs in law, history, library science, or related fields are eligible to enter.  Essays may be on any topic related to legal history, rare law books, or legal archives.  Criteria on which papers will be judged include originality of topic or approach, quality and depth of research and analysis, clarity of presentation, and contribution to the field.  The winner will receive a $500 prize from Gale and present the winning essay at an LHRB sponsored webinar.  Authors of the winning and runner-up essays will also be invited to publish their essays in LHRB’s online annual scholarly journal Unbound:  A Review of Legal History and Rare Books.  The Competition electronic submission deadline is 11:59pm EDT, Monday, 15 April 2019.

Full Competition details and Application Form are available at the LHRB Morris L. Cohen Student Essay Competition web page.  Questions can be sent to Tim Kearley (TKearley@uwyo.edu), Professor Emeritus of Law, University of Wyoming College of Law.

The Competition is named in honor of Morris L. Cohen, who was Professor Emeritus of Law at Yale Law School and recognized as “one of the towering figures of late 20th century law libraries.”  His scholarly work  focused on legal research, rare books, and historical bibliography.